OpenOCD configurations for RISC-V
RISC-V specific configuration details
Although OpenOCD works the same for RISC-V as for ARM, there are some details that need to be considered.
The Debugger tab
The RISC-V specific configuration files must be entered in the Config options: field.
For boards with integrated JTAG adapters (like SiFive HiFive1), use the board file
For the Arty synthesised boards, use multiple commands, with separate interface and board files, for example for E31Arty with Olimex USB probes:
-c "adapter_khz 5000" -f "interface/ftdi/olimex-arm-usb-tiny-h.cfg" -f "board/sifive-e31arty.cfg"
-c "adapter_khz 5000" -f "interface/ftdi/olimex-arm-usb-ocd.cfg" -f "board/sifive-e31arty.cfg"
Similarly for E51Arty with Olimex USB probes:
-c "adapter_khz 5000" -f "interface/ftdi/olimex-arm-usb-tiny-h.cfg" -f "board/sifive-e51arty.cfg"
-c "adapter_khz 5000" -f "interface/ftdi/olimex-arm-usb-ocd.cfg" -f "board/sifive-e51arty.cfg"
For the SiFive configuration files, future OpenOCD are expected to include them in the distribution. If they are not yet there, please download them from GitHub and copy them to the openOCD
The second mandatory setting is the architecture, in the GDB → Commands field.
For 32-bit devices, use:
set arch riscv:rv32 set remotetimeout 250
For 64-bit devices, use:
set arch riscv:rv64 set remotetimeout 250
The Startup tab
Since for the moment semihosting is not available on RISC-V, disable the ARM semihosting option in the Initialization Commands section.
For some obscure reasons related to the way the devices boot, disable the Pre-run/Restart reset in the Run/Restart Commands section. Unfortunately this will also prevent the Restart button to function properly.
For some targets (like the Arty synthesised ones), it might help to explicitly define the initial program counter, for example to
40400000. If the debugged application is an ELF image, a safer solution is to be sure the actual reset address is defined in the linker scripts, for example as